Lupus is an autoimmune condition which can affect many different parts of the body. An autoimmune disease is a condition where the body’s own immune system attacks itself, instead of protecting itself and keeping it healthy.
Here when we use the term Lupus we refer to ‘Systemic’ Lupus and not Cutaneous Lupus, which affects only the skin.
Lupus comes from the latin Lupus meaning wolf. The reason being that first description of Lupus referred to erosive skin lesions that resembled the bite of a wolf! (I imagine that not many people get bitten by wolves these days……!) It is now interpreted as being that the disease is cunning and can masquerade as many things (although I was not aware that wolves could masquerade as anything other than a wolf….!)
In fact, medicine does not completely understand this condition which consists of a wide variety of different symptoms and problems for many people.
The history of the understanding of Lupus is quite interesting. In fact, originally, Lupus was thought to be an infection and only later on did it come to be understood to be an autoimmune disease.
I note here that Rheumatologists treat Systemic Lupus, but not Cutaneous Lupus. Cutaneous Lupus is treated by Dermatologists.